The editorial acknowledges that after September 11, 2001, “acts of terrorism have increased.” This “recrudescence” of Islamist terrorism – in the judgment of “La Civiltà Cattolica” – is mainly a “consequence” of the wars waged by the United States in Afghanistan and Iraq. That the Holy See considered the war in Iraq a mistake is well known. But the editorial in “La Civiltà Cattolica” goes so far as to establish a general rule. It writes that any war against “countries that harbor, finance, or train terrorist groups” is always “a serious political error.” And it explains its assumption this way: “The reason is simple: the military invasion of an Islamic country, like Afghanistan or Iraq, is considered by the entire Islamic umma [nation] as a grave offense against Allah, because this is a negation of its rights and a usurpation of its authority, which is expressed in sharia.
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